Air quality

PM10 particulate matter

The analyzes carried out for the preparation of the Air Quality Plan for the Malopolska Region showed the exceedance of the permissible annual average concentration of PM10 for the year 2015 in the area of 60 km² (0.4% of the region’s area) inhabited by 350 000 people (10% of the population of the region). The areas with exceedances were recorded in 16 municipalities and overlapped with compact housing areas of the following cities: Krakow, Nowy Sącz, Tarnów, Sucha Beskidzka, Proszowice, Miechów, Bochnia, Chrzanów, Skawina, Oświecim and Nowy Targ.

Air pollution with suspended particulate matter and benzo (a) pyrene contributes to:

  • respiratory diseases: asthma, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, frequent respiratory tract infections,
  • blood disorders: heart attacks, hypertension, coronary heart diseases, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure,
  • nervous system disorders: memory and concentration problems, higher anxiety levels, depressive states, anatomical changes in the brain, Alzheimer’s disease, accelerated aging of the nervous system, strokes,
  • reproductive system diseases: infertility, premature labor, fetal death.

Polluted air also has a negative effect on the fetus. The team of professor Wiesław Jędrychowski from the Collegium Medicum of the Jagiellonian University has shown that newborns of the women who breathed in air with high content of benzo (a) pyrenes during pregnancy recorded lower birth weight, smaller head circumference and lower intelligence. The children were less resistant to infections in later life.

Air pollution in Krakow and children’s health

Short-term exposure to suspended particulate matter

Even relatively short exposure to particulate matter, especially at high concentrations, is very dangerous. Children, the elderly and people suffering from cardiovascular diseases or respiratory diseases are especially sensitive. Studies show that, in the age group, people with low socioeconomic status are the most sensitive to the effects of air pollution. Many studies have shown that short-term exposure to PM2.5 significantly increases the risk of death, including cardiovascular diseases, but also the risk of a myocardial infarction or a sudden cardiac arrest. Other health effects of short-term exposure to suspended particulate air include: increased blood pressure, bronchial asthma symptoms and increased respiratory tract infections, including pneumonia.

Problems
with memory and concentration,

higher level of anxiety, depressive states, anatomical changes in the brain
Problems
with breathing,

breathing problems, irritation of eyes, nose, throat,
cough, runny nose, sinusitis
Heart attack, hypertension,
an unrelated condition, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure
Asthma, lung cancer
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, frequent respiratory infections
Infertility, fetal death
Premature delivery

What steps should be taken to reduce exposure

Do not go for a walk do not take a child for a walk
Children in kindergartens
they should not go for walks
Do not play sports outdoors
If you have cardiovascular or respiratory problems contact your doctor
Do not air the flat
Turn on the air separator if you have it
Put on a dust mask
during a longer stay outside

Modification date: 06.05.2018