Impact on health

Impact of air pollution on health

Air pollution with suspended particulate matter and benzo (a) pyrene contributes to:

  • respiratory diseases: asthma, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, frequent respiratory tract infections,
  • blood disorders: heart attacks, hypertension, coronary heart diseases, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure,
  • nervous system disorders: memory and concentration problems, higher anxiety levels, depressive states, anatomical changes in the brain, Alzheimer’s disease, accelerated aging of the nervous system, strokes,
  • reproductive system diseases: infertility, premature labor, fetal death.

Polluted air also has a negative effect on the fetus. The team of professor Wiesław Jędrychowski from the Collegium Medicum of the Jagiellonian University has shown that newborns of the women who breathed in air with high content of benzo (a) pyrenes during pregnancy recorded lower birth weight, smaller head circumference and lower intelligence. The children were less resistant to infections in later life.

Air pollution in Krakow and children’s health

Short-term exposure to suspended particulate matter

Even relatively short exposure to particulate matter, especially at high concentrations, is very dangerous. Children, the elderly and people suffering from cardiovascular diseases or respiratory diseases are especially sensitive. Studies show that, in the age group, people with low socioeconomic status are the most sensitive to the effects of air pollution. Many studies have shown that short-term exposure to PM2.5 significantly increases the risk of death, including cardiovascular diseases, but also the risk of a myocardial infarction or a sudden cardiac arrest. Other health effects of short-term exposure to suspended particulate air include: increased blood pressure, bronchial asthma symptoms and increased respiratory tract infections, including pneumonia.

Do not go for a walk and do not take a stroll with your kid
  Children in kindergartens should not go out for walks
  Do not practice sports outdoors
  If you suffer from a cardiovascular or respiratory disease, please contact your doctor
  Do not air the apartment
  Turn on the cleaner if you have it
  Wear a particulate matter mask for a longer stay outdoors


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Malopolska in a healthy atmosphere